Theological Themes in Luke
The ascension of Jesus is the Messiah whose life, death, and resurrection are God’s saving act for humanity More
The “beloved physician” and companion of Paul More is the only Gospel that includes a description of Jesus’ ascent into heaven (24:50-51), an event that Acts 1:6-11 also narrates but with differing details. At the ascension Jesus’ followers worship him (Luke 24:52), indicating that they understand his coming as God’s own visitation (see 1:68, 78; 19:44). In Acts the ascension is connected with Jesus’ glorification by God and his role in sending the Holy is a term that originally meant set apart for the worship or service of God. While the term may refer to people, objects, time, or places, holiness in Judaism and Christianity primarily denotes the realm of the divine More Spirit (see Acts 2:33-36; 3:19-21).
The Holy Spirit
Luke mentions the role of the Holy Spirit in connection to Jesus’ coming and his public ministry. The Spirit is active in the stories of Jesus’ and John’s births in Luke 1-2. Jesus’ ministry begins with announcements that the Spirit has ordained him to do the things he does (4:14-19).
Jerusalem and the The Jerusalem temple, unlike the tabernacle, was a permanent structure, although (like the tabernacle) it was a place of worship and religious activity. On one occasion Jesus felt such activity was unacceptable and, as reported in all four Gospels, drove from the temple those engaged… More
Jerusalem occupies an important position in Luke’s geography. The Gospel begins and concludes with scenes of people at worship in the Jerusalem temple, and Jesus laments the unfaithfulness that characterizes the city (13:33-35; 19:41-44). While A tax collector who became one of Jesus’ 12 disciples More and Mark emphasize Galilee as the place for Jesus’ followers to meet him after his resurrection, in Luke they encounter the risen Lord in and near Jerusalem, where they are instructed to remain until the Holy Spirit comes.
Jesus the Lord
Luke frequently refers to Jesus as “the Lord.” Almost every time this title appears, it is spoken by the voice of the Gospel’s narrator. The same word is typically used to denote God in the Greek translation of the Old Testament.
Jesus the The Messiah was the one who, it was believed, would come to free the people of Israel from bondage and exile. In Jewish thought the Messiah is the anticipated one who will come, as prophesied by Isaiah. In Christian thought Jesus of Nazareth is identified… More/Christ
“Messiah” (Hebrew) and “Christ” (Greek) mean “anointed one” and so refer to Jesus’ identity as one anointed by God. Calling Jesus by this title identifies him as a deliverer sent by God to the people of Israel. The Gospel of Luke frequently ascribes this title to Jesus but describes Jesus using it in reference to himself only after his resurrection.
Jesus the Savior
Using terms that do not appear in Matthew or Mark (and hardly at all in John), Luke speaks of Jesus as the “Savior” who brings God’s “salvation” to the world. Salvation can mean saved from something (deliverance) or for something (redemption). Paul preached that salvation comes through the death of Christ on the cross which redeemed sinners from death and for a grace-filled life. More is not merely a synonym for forgiveness; it refers to a broader idea of rescue and deliverance. Throughout his life Jesus saves people in a variety of ways: he brings healing, forgiveness, wholeness, and restoration.
Jesus the Son of God
In the Gospels, references to Jesus as “Son of God” refer to his divinely sanctioned authority. In Luke, no human being definitively identifies Jesus by this name. Only supernatural beings (God, angels, demons, and the devil) do so.
Jesus the Son of Man
Jesus frequently uses the expression “the Son of Man” to indicate himself; no other character calls him by this name. In Luke, Jesus employs the title in contexts that clarify his identity and role, specifically as one who will suffer, one who has authority to conduct his ministry, and one who will be vindicated when he returns in glory.
Many aspects of Luke and Acts suggest that these books attempt to make sense of the Gospel’s implications for Judaism and God’s relationship with the Jewish people. Although Jesus does make very severe statements about certain Jews (see, for example, Luke 11:48-51; 13:34-35), in no way does Luke suggest that a A gentile is anyone who is not Jewish. The term, which is derived from words that the Bible uses to denote the “nations” of the world, reflects beliefs that God had designated Israel as a nation that would be distinct from others, and a blessing… More Christianity is meant to displace an obstinate Judaism. Luke recognizes Jesus as a divisive figure who speaks harsh criticisms (see 2:34-35; 12:49-53), but Jesus himself is also an expression of God’s commitment to the people and traditions of ancient Israel (see 1:67-73; 16:17).
The kingdom (reign) of God
All four Gospels describe Jesus talking about the kingdom (or “reign”) of God, which was probably the dominant topic in Jesus’ teaching and preaching. The expression reflects language from the Old Testament declaring God’s royal authority and ruling activity. When Jesus announces the coming of God’s kingdom, he indicates that God’s rule extends throughout human society, transforming it and defeating any other powers that might claim to govern or control human lives and hearts.
Money and possessions
Several of Jesus’ parables and teachings in this Gospel warn against wealth’s potential to corrupt a person. Luke recognizes God’s concern for the poor, as famously illustrated in the words of Mary, Jesus’ mother, in 1:52-53.
Of the four Gospels, Luke gives the most attention to Jesus’ significance for people who were not part of dominant society. Some of these people on the margins of Jesus’ culture include those afflicted with diseases, the handicapped, aliens, refugees, children, women, the poor, slaves, prostitutes, widows, the elderly, shepherds, tax collectors, Samaritans, and Gentiles. These kinds of people figure positively in the Gospel and benefit from Jesus’ ministry.
Luke frequently portrays Jesus engaged in prayer or encouraging his followers to pray (see 3:21; 5:16; 6:12; 9:18, 29; 11:1-4; 18:1; 21:36; 22:32). This emphasizes Jesus’ reliance upon his Father and foreshadows the importance of prayer among believers in the book of Acts.
Promise and fulfillment
Luke situates Jesus’ coming as an expression of God’s fidelity to the people of Israel. The Gospel’s first two chapters extol God’s faithfulness to promises, especially as Jesus’ mother and John the Baptist’s father speak about God’s remembering (1:54-55, 72-75). Luke also interprets Jesus’ death and resurrection as a fulfillment of the Scriptures.
Luke’s Gospel speaks very positively about ancient prophets and reports the rejections they suffered. Several people identify Jesus as a prophet, which is correct insofar as he enacts and declares God’s ways and, as a result, becomes the target of opposition.
While Matthew and Mark also depict John the Baptizer was the forerunner of Jesus the Messiah, preaching a gospel of repentance and preparing the way of the Lord More and Jesus calling people to Repentance is a central biblical teaching. All people are sinful and God desires that all people repent of their sins. The Hebrew word for repent means to “turn away” from sin. The Greek word for repentance means to “change on’e mind,” more specifically, it means… More, Luke mentions this more frequently. To repent is to adopt a new way of thinking, to take on a new or renewed disposition toward God. Some parables in Luke describe a person’s repentance, using images of something being found by its owner, a situation that unleashes great joy in heavenly places (15:1-10).
Universal scope of the gospel
Although Jesus is God’s Messiah sent to the people of Israel, the salvation he brings is something that happens “in the presence of all peoples” (2:31). The Gospel of Luke is keenly aware of the wider world of the The region we today call Palestine and Israel was under Roman rule during the time of Jesus and the early church. The Roman Empire was in its ascendancy during the first century, making it the most powerful political and military force on earth. More (see 2:1-2; 3:1-2), and the next part of the story told in the book of Acts describes the word of God moving out into this world.