Summary of 1 Chronicles
First Chronicles begins with nine chapters of genealogies from The first man God created. More to the Chronicler’s postexilic community. This is followed by a report of the tragic death of The first king of Israel More, Israel’s first king, and a long description of the reign of Second king of Israel, David united the northern and southern kingdoms. More. David is presented as an ideal king, chosen by God and promised an eternal dynasty, who piously cares for the ark, secures Jerusalem, and makes exhaustive preparations for the building of the The Jerusalem temple, unlike the tabernacle, was a permanent structure, although (like the tabernacle) it was a place of worship and religious activity. On one occasion Jesus felt such activity was unacceptable and, as reported in all four Gospels, drove from the temple those engaged… More and the organization of its worship.
David commands center stage in 1 Chronicles. He is presented in a somewhat idealized fashion in comparison with the familiar story in the books of The judge who anointed the first two kings of Israel More, but this is designed to emphasize his relationship to the temple in Jerusalem and proper worship. Addressed to the small postexilic community who had returned from exile, David’s story is meant to be exemplary of pious leadership.
WHERE DO I FIND IT?
First Chronicles is the thirteenth book in the Old Testament. It follows 2 Kings and precedes 2 Chronicles.
WHO WROTE IT?
Jewish tradition identifies Scribe who helped establish Jewish practices in Jerusalem after the exile. More as the author of 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra, and The governor of Jerusalem who rebuilt the city walls after the exile More. Today, many scholars believe that 1 and 2 Chronicles come from a different hand than Ezra and Nehemiah and that various older traditions, including the books of Samuel and Kings, have been gathered together and edited by a nameless postexilic editor.
WHEN WAS IT WRITTEN?
First Chronicles is notoriously difficult to date, though it is clearly later than Israel’s return from exile in Babylon. Since the list in 1 Chronicles 3:19-24 extends David’s Genealogy involves the study and tracing of families through the generations – in short, family history. One genealogy in Genesis traces the nations descended from Noah. In the New Testament Matthew traces the ancestry of Jesus back to Abraham, while Jesus’ genealogy in Luke goes… More to the sixth generation after The governor of Judah who helped rebuild the Temple after the exile More, who is dated to 520 B.C.E. (Haggai 1:1), this sixth generation would be sometime after 400 B.C.E. Thus, many scholars date 1 Chronicles to the first half of the fourth century (ca. 350 B.C.E.).
WHAT’S IT ABOUT?
First Chronicles retells the story of David, already familiar from 2 Samuel, for a postexilic audience, emphasizing David’s preparations for the building of the temple and the establishment of worship.
HOW DO I READ IT?
First Chronicles looks like a history of Judah was the name of Jacob’s fourth son and one of the 12 tribes. More, the The Southern Kingdom consisted of two tribes of Israel, Judah and Benjamin. Jerusalem was its capital, and the kingdom lasted from 931-586 B.C.E. As with the Northern Kingdom many of the kings were wicked, and prophets like Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel spoke their often judgmental… More, already related in 2 Samuel. While important historical information is presented, some of it is at odds with the earlier presentation. First Chronicles should be read as a theological, rather than a historical, rewriting of the earlier history, designed to demonstrate the continuity of David and Solomon’s united monarchy with the struggling postexilic community to which the book was addressed.