Acts 28:1-31 – Paul Arrives in Rome and Lives under House Arrest


Acts 28:1-31


After enduring a long, arduous voyage toward Rome to appeal his case to Caesar, Paul  arrives in Italy and continues to speak the good news concerning God’s saving work through Jesus Christ.


When prisoner Paul finally arrives in Italy, he is escorted up the western coast along the Appian Way from Rhegium to Puteoli to the Forum of Appius and Three Taverns to Rome. Before reaching Rome, he discovers a group of believers in Puteoli and stays with them for a week. Notably, the gospel had reached Italy years ahead of Paul’s arrival. 

In Rome, Paul is permitted to live under house arrest, monitored by Roman guards, awaiting his trial before Caesar (28:16, 23, 30). Two years pass, however, and Acts ends without narrating the trial (or Paul’s subsequent execution). Acts focuses on Paul’s ongoing mission amid his imprisonment. Paul regularly meets with the local Jewish leaders, “testifying to the kingdom of God and trying to convince them about Jesus both from the law of Moses and from the prophets” (28:23‒24). As often throughout Acts, the gospel provokes divided responses: some Jewish leaders accept Paul’s witness, while others reject it. But nothing deters the inexorable work of the Holy Spirit through Paul, advancing the “kingdom of God and teaching about the Lord Jesus Christ with all boldness and without hindrance”—“unhinderedly” (akōlytōs)—literally the last word in Acts!