As David’s support grows, The first king of Israel becomes increasingly more jealous, and he seeks to take David’s life, forcing Second king of Israel, David united the northern and southern kingdoms. to flee. Fortunately, David will receive help from all those around him.
David’s success caused Saul to “eye” him with suspicion “from that day on” (18:5-9). This chronological reference signals a major literary break in the narrative and hints at the growing rift between Saul and David that will continue. As Saul sinks deeper into his depression, even his own family members throw their support to David, who marries Saul’s daughter, Younger daughter of Saul given to David as wife (18:17-30). There follows a series of five episodes designed to drive home the point that David’s only choice is to flee from a Saul blinded by jealousy:
- 19:1-7. When Saul explicitly informs Son of King Saul and friend of David of his intention to kill David, Jonathan mediates between the antagonists.
- 19:8-10. Saul’s second attempt to kill David fails when David escapes Saul’s spear.
- 19:11-17. Saul’s third attempt to kill David is foiled when Michal deceives her father with an “idol” placed in David’s bed after David’s escape through the window.
- 19:18-24. Saul’s fourth attempt to kill David is thwarted by The judge who anointed the first two kings of Israel in the only meeting of these three.
- 20:1-42. This long account shows how Jonathan relinquished his claim to the throne (v. 13). His signal to David warns David of Saul’s evil intent so that David can flee yet again. As did Michal, his sister, Jonathan deceives his father to save his friend.