Lesson 2 of5
In Progress

Outline of Ruth

1. Naomi Travels to Moab Full and Returns Empty (Ruth 1:1-22)

A. Naomi Loses Her Family (Ruth 1:1-5)

The book begins with a famine in Bethlehem during the terrible time described in the book of Judges. Elimilech takes his wife Naomi and their two sons Mahlon and Chilion to the enemy territory of Moab. The sons marry Moabite women, Orpah and Ruth. Elimelech and his sons die, and Naomi is left a childless widow.

B. Ruth Swears Loyalty to Naomi (Ruth 1:6-18)

Orpah returns to her Moabite home as Naomi instructs her, but Ruth swears loyalty to Naomi and follows her home to Bethlehem.

C. Naomi and Ruth Return to Bethlehem (Ruth 1:19-22)

The women of Bethlehem hardly recognize Naomi. Naomi laments that she is now to be called Mara (bitter) because the Lord has brought her home empty.

2. Ruth Meets Boaz (Ruth 2:1-23)

A. Ruth Gleans in the Field of Boaz (Ruth 2:1-18)

Because Naomi and Ruth have no income, Ruth decides to glean in the fields, that is, she collects the remnants of grain left for the poor. She “happens upon” the field of Boaz, a wealthy farmer who is related to Naomi. Boaz treats Ruth with kindness, blesses her, shares a meal, and tells her to continue to glean in his field.

B. Ruth Brings Bounty to Naomi (Ruth 2:19-23)

When Ruth returns with her gleaning and food and tells Naomi about Boaz, Naomi recognizes God’s blessing in the attentions and kindness of her relative.

3. Ruth Meets Boaz at the Threshing Floor (Ruth 3:1-15)

Naomi devises a risky scheme that depends on Boaz seeing Ruth as a relative in need. Naomi sends Ruth to meet Boaz secretly on the threshing floor where the men gather to separate the good grain from the useless chaff. Boaz recognizes that Ruth’s action in lying beside him is an act of kindness and loyalty. He assures her that, even though there is a closer relative who might claim her, he will make certain everything will turn out well. He sends her home with good grain from the harvest.

4. Ruth Again Brings Bounty to Naomi (Ruth 3:16-18)

Ruth once more delivers food from Boaz to Naomi, and Naomi now understands completely that she is no longer empty.

5. Boaz at the Gate (Ruth 4:1-12)

Boaz goes up to the gate to meet with the town elders. He tempts the unnamed next of kin with the offer of property and then declares that marrying the Moabite Ruth is part of the bargain. The nearest kin refuses the arrangement, so Boaz claims Ruth, whom the women then bless.

6. The Genealogy of David (Ruth 4:13-22)

Boaz marries Ruth who then gives birth to Obed. The women proclaim that Ruth’s love for Naomi makes the child worthy. Obed becomes the grandfather of David.