Background of Ezra
Though written a century later to help the Jewish community in Jerusalem understand their identity by describing the beginnings of Second The Jerusalem temple, unlike the tabernacle, was a permanent structure, although (like the tabernacle) it was a place of worship and religious activity. On one occasion Jesus felt such activity was unacceptable and, as reported in all four Gospels, drove from the temple those engaged... More Judaism, the book of Ezra is situated in two separate historical settings that align with the two major sections of the book:
First, Ezra 1-6 describes the events of 539-515 B.C.E. Following his defeat of the Babylonians in 539, Persian leader who allowed Jewish exiles to return home. More II of Persia was a southwestern Asian country. The Persian empire was a series of empires that occupied what is currently Afghanistan and Iran from 600 B.C.E. forward. Rulers of the Persian empire mentioned in the Bible are Cyrus and Darius. More gave permission to the Jewish exiles to return to their homeland and rebuild their temple. Not all were eager to return. Those who did return rebuilt the altar and resumed the prescribed sacrifices, but the rebuilding of the temple lagged behind, despite offers of assistance from the surrounding peoples (Ezra 1-3). In 520 B.C.E., however, under the governorship of The governor of Judah who helped rebuild the Temple after the exile More and the prophetic leadership of Haggai and Zechariah, temple reconstruction was begun and finally completed in 515 (Ezra 4-6).
Then, Ezra 7-10 describes the activity of Ezra the A scribe is a person paid to write books or documents by hand. In Jesus' time, scribes were credentialed interpreters of Jewish law. Scribes in the New Testament, along with the elders and chief priests, are among Jesus' most committed opponents, although on one occasion... More (458-430 B.C.E.), a A priest is a person who has the authority to perform religious rites. In New Testament times priests were responsible for daily offerings and sacrifices in the temple. More commissioned by Artaxerxes I to rebuild the spiritual life of the Jewish community in the Persian province/satrapy of “Beyond the River”–Yehud (Judah was the name of Jacob's fourth son and one of the 12 tribes. More)–and bring it into conformity with the law of Prophet who led Israel out of Egypt to the Promised Land and received the law at Sinai More (Ezra 7). Two aspects of Ezra’s mission are lifted up, the reading of the law that took place shortly after his arrival in 458 (The governor of Jerusalem who rebuilt the city walls after the exile More 8) and his efforts to deal with the problem of mixed marriages (Ezra 9-10).