Lesson 3 of 6
In Progress

Background of 2 Samuel

In the latter half of the 11th century B.C.E., the major geopolitical powers in Egypt and Mesopotamia (that is, Assyria and Babylon) were preoccupied with their own internal troubles. As a result the various peoples of Syro-Palestine vied for power among themselves. In response to military threats posed by the Philistines in the west (1 Samuel 4-7; 13; 14; 17; 23; 31; 2 Samuel 5) and the Ammonites in the east (1 Samuel 11; 2 Samuel 10-12), the 12 tribes of Israel began a process of cooperation that eventually led to the anointing of Saul as king.