Background of 1 Peter
By the last decade of the first century C.E., Christianity had spread throughout much of the Roman Empire–far beyond its origins in Palestine following the crucifixion of Jesus is the Messiah whose life, death, and resurrection are God's saving act for humanity... More some sixty years earlier. Although Jesus’ earliest followers existed for a while as a Jewish sect, by the time 1 Peter was written Christianity and Judaism had largely gone their separate ways, a development hastened by the destruction of the Jerusalem The Jerusalem temple, unlike the tabernacle, was a permanent structure, although (like the tabernacle) it was a place of worship and religious activity. On one occasion Jesus felt such activity was unacceptable and, as reported in all four Gospels, drove from the temple those engaged... More in 70 C.E. While most of the earliest Christians were Jewish, after that time most new converts were Gentiles. Therefore, while this letter mentions many figures from the Old Testament as well as many acts and words of God therein, there is no mention of the Jews as the people of Israel or of the history of relationships and problems between Christians and Jews. The declaration to the letter’s (mostly A gentile is anyone who is not Jewish. The term, which is derived from words that the Bible uses to denote the "nations" of the world, reflects beliefs that God had designated Israel as a nation that would be distinct from others, and a blessing... More) recipients is that they too are inheritors of the Old Testament’s promises. They too are Israel; they too are the elect and God’s own people. As such, they will be at odds with the values, customs, and lifestyles of the non-Christian Gentiles among whom they live. They will be as aliens and strangers, different even from non-Christian members of their families and friends. They probably would have been excluded from many occupations and social occasions as well as scorned and criticized for joining a cult or belonging to a possibly dangerous and unpatriotic sect. In such a situation of being an unwelcome minority, Christians’ natural tendency might have been to withdraw even further from the majority culture, increasing their isolation and arousing additional suspicion. First Peter urges the opposite response: engage in the society and be better than the ordinary citizens, so that good conduct will be noticed and the truth of the readers’ faith will be demonstrated. This will not be easy, but it will be to obey the God who is the creator and A redeemer is someone who literally buys back, wins back, or frees from distress. The Hebrew term for redeemer (go'el) means to deliver or rescue. It may be a person or God who performs the act of redemption.... More of all people and all societies. God has called these scattered followers of Christ to proclaim the mighty acts of God.
The letter’s opening verse names the Derived from a Greek word meaning "one who is sent," an apostle is a person who embraces and advocates another person's idea or beliefs. At the beginning of his ministry Jesus called twelve apostles to follow and serve him. Paul became an apostle of Jesus... More Peter as the author. The closing verses say that he writes “through Silvanus.” The evidence for a later composition (probably in the early 90s) and the letter’s use of themes and expressions from the letters of the Apostle A Christian missionary who once persecuted the church... More suggest that 1 Peter is a pseudonymous work, written in the tradition of Peter after his death.