The reign of Hoshea (732-722) brings an end to the The Northern Kingdom consisted of ten of the twelve tribes of Israel and lasted for 200 years until it was destroyed by Assyria in 721 B.C.E. In the northern kingdom the kings were evil. Prophets like Elijah and Amos railed against them and their evildoing..
Hoshea, the last of the northern kings, came to power by assassinating Pekah, who may have tried to resist Assyrian domination (15:30). He, himself however, was deposed and imprisoned by Shalmaneser V after his pro-Assyrian sympathies changed and he attempted to withhold tribute, seeking an alliance with King So (otherwise unknown) of Egypt (v. 4). Shalmaneser then began a three-year-long siege of Samaria that ended in The fall refers specifically to the disobedience of Adam and Eve when they listened to Satan rather than adhering to God's command not to eat the fruit from the tree. When people act contrary to God's will, they are said to fall from from grace... of Samaria and the deportation of “the Israelites” (vv. 5-7). Assyrian inscriptions help to fill in some of the gaps in the terse report of 2 Kings:
• Samaria was actually captured by Sargon II, the son of Tiglath-pileser III, in the year of his accession, 722/21.
• The siege was in response to rebellion, but several states were involved.
• Ilubi’di of Hamath was the one who fomented the rebellion.
• Sib’e of Egypt and King Hanunu of Gaza both supported the insurgency.
• Samaria was rebuilt and made the capital of an Assyrian province.
• The number of Israelites (“house of Omri”) deported to Assyrian provinces was 27,290.
This relocation of conquered peoples and the resettlement of their lands with others was a strategic aspect of Assyrian foreign policy at the time. It effectively dealt with rebellion and insured some measure of stability in the empire. It was crushing, however, for Israel’s self-concept. It is tragically ironic that Israel, who had always defined itself in terms of its distinctive character as a people, should fall to an empire whose policy of resettlement is designed to eliminate the distinctive ethnic and political identities of those whom they have conquered. Israel never recovered from the fulfillment of Ahijah’s Prophecy is the gift, inspired by God, of speaking and interpreting the divine will. Prophets such as Amos, Isaiah, and Ezekiel spoke words of judgment and comfort to the people of Israel on behalf of God. to Jeroboam at the beginning of the northern kingdom’s existence (1 Kings 14:15-16).