In Chronicles, Judah was the name of Jacob's fourth son and one of the 12 tribes. sinks to its lowest point with the reign of Judean king in the time of Isaiah who engaged in pagan worship and placated the Assyrians., not Manasseh, as in 2 Kings.
The Chronicler’s presentation of the period of the divided monarchy had begun with the apostasy of the northern tribes under Jeroboam (2 Chronicles 10-13). With his presentation of the reign of Ahaz, that period ends as it had begun. Comparison with Abijah’s programmatic address in the early days of the divided monarchy (2 Chronicles 13:4-12), however, reveals that the Chronicler has reworked the portrayals of Ahaz and Judah to stress the reversal of the relationship between Israel and Judah:
- Ahaz is depicted as a second Jeroboam who casts images and worships foreign gods (28:2, 10-16, 23; cf. 13:8-9).
- Ahaz closes the The Jerusalem temple, unlike the tabernacle, was a permanent structure, although (like the tabernacle) it was a place of worship and religious activity. On one occasion Jesus felt such activity was unacceptable and, as reported in all four Gospels, drove from the temple those engaged... doors (28:24), extinguishes the lamps, and stops the sacrifices in the temple (29:7), contrary to Abijah’s claim of orthodoxy (13:11).
- In Abijah’s day, Israel was defeated (13:18); in the days of Ahaz, Judah suffers defeat (28:17-19).
- At the beginning of the divided monarchy, Judah obeyed the prophet Shemaiah and did not invade Israel (11:1-4); now, Israel obeys Oded the prophet regarding Judah (28:9-15).
In other words, Judah at the end of the divided monarchy mirrored the apostasy of Israel at the beginning. Adding to the reversal, the northerners are here portrayed as repenting of their sin (vv. 8-15, especially 13-15). The Chronicler may be tipping his hand that their mutual sin will prepare the way for their mutual repentance and the reunification that will take place under Judean king noted for his reforms in time of Isaiah.