The author continues to make use of quotations from the Old Testament to describe the new status that followers of JesusJesus is the Messiah whose life, death, and resurrection are God's saving act for humanity More receive.
It is important to remember that for the residents of Asia Minor there was little separation between family, culture, and religion. Becoming a follower of Jesus called into question a person’s relationship to their family and their ethnicity. With regard to family relations, the persistent use of the designation “Father” for God sought to establish a new head of householdA household is a living unit comprised of all the persons who live in one house. A household would embrace all the members of a family, including servants and slaves. In the book of Acts, stories are told of various persons and their households, like... More for followers of Jesus. Though their membership in their earthly families did not cease, they now recognized an authority beyond their earthly fathers.
In terms of their ethnic relations, the author of 1 PeterThe disciple who denied Jesus during his trial but later became a leader in proclaiming Jesus More, like the ApostleDerived from a Greek word meaning "one who is sent," an apostle is a person who embraces and advocates another person's idea or beliefs. At the beginning of his ministry Jesus called twelve apostles to follow and serve him. Paul became an apostle of Jesus... More PaulA Christian missionary who once persecuted the church More, makes use of the nation-building resources of the Old Testament. Drawing again on Exodus and IsaiahIsaiah, son of Amoz, who prophesied in Jerusalem, is included among the prophets of the eighth century B.C.E. (along with Amos, Hosea, and Micah)--preachers who boldly proclaimed God's word of judgment against the economic, social, and religious disorders of their time. More as well as HoseaProphet to the northern kingdom who married a prostitute to show God's relationship to a faithless Israel More (see 1 Peter 2:4-8 A Stone for Building and Stumbling), images of nationhood and peoplehood paint a picture of God’s concern for the new followers of Jesus. Though they may be uncertain of their relationship to their ethnicities, the author seeks to assure the new followers of Jesus that they have taken on an elevated status as a royal priesthood and a holyHoly is a term that originally meant set apart for the worship or service of God. While the term may refer to people, objects, time, or places, holiness in Judaism and Christianity primarily denotes the realm of the divine More people (2:9). The author draws on Hosea 1:6-9 to claim an even more radical transformation. It is not just that the followers of Jesus have traded membership in one people for another. In light of God’s calling, their former memberships are revealed as no-people at all. Only now, in their calling out of darkness, can they understand themselves to truly belong to a people and family (2:10).Like the Israelites at Mt. Sinai, the followers of Jesus now are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s own people (Ex 19:6); they too have been called into the service of God to proclaim the mighty, saving acts of this One who called them. These same words still apply to us, for we too have received mercy.