Solomon’s legendary Wisdom encompasses the qualities of experience, knowledge, and good judgment. The Old Testament book of Proverbs, which sometimes invokes a Woman as the personification of Wisdom, is a collection of aphorisms and moral teachings. Along with other biblical passages, it teaches, "The fear of the... More is presented as a gift from God.
Some have wondered at how wise Solomon’s marriage to Pharaoh’s daughter might have been, but this incident exemplifies Solomon’s greatness. In the ancient Near East the lesser of two kings would offer a daughter in marriage to the greater king, or his son, as a way of sealing the treaty (3:1-2). Unfortunately, this brief notice also foreshadows the root cause of Solomon’s eventual downfall, as his foreign wives led him into apostasy. Solomon’s gift of wisdom is similarly double-edged. While his modest request for wisdom above anything else is appropriately lauded, his lack of wisdom with regard to his own family both echoes his father’s inability and augurs his final days. Finally, Third king of Israel who was known for wisdom and building the first Temple More was prudent in seeking a nontribal organizational principle, the lack of which had caused Second king of Israel, David united the northern and southern kingdoms. More such difficulty. The price tag on Solomon’s political reforms, however, was excessive, and the taxation, as well as more serious means of paying for the government, eventually resulted in the division of the nation upon his death.