Lesson 3 of 5
In Progress

Background of 2 Chronicles

The earlier history in Samuel and Kings addressed the questions of those who had experienced the fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzar II (587 B.C.E.), the destruction of the temple, the end of Davidic rule, and deportation to Babylon. Chronicles, however, speaks to the postexilic restoration community that had returned from Babylon to worship in the rebuilt Jerusalem temple as a result of the Persian defeat of the Babylonians in 539 B.C.E. Whereas Samuel and Kings tried to explain why the exile had taken place, Chronicles tried to explain what it means to be part of the restored community instituted by David and Solomon. This was especially necessary because the community now lived under the political auspices of the Persian Empire, not the united monarchy of David and Solomon.