Everything is shaky–even the earth–except God and those whom God protects.
This is one of the songs of Zion originally referred to a mountain near Jerusalem where David conquered a Jebusite stronghold. Later the term came to mean a number of other things like the Temple, Jerusalem, and even the Promised Land. that sings of God’s protection to be found there-not because the place is magic, but because of God’s presence. This A psalm is a song of praise. In the Old Testament 150 psalms comprise the psalter, although some of the psalms are laments and thanksgivings. In the New Testament early Christians gathered to sing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs. was the basis for Martin Luther’s Reformation hymn, “A Mighty Fortress Is Our God.”
All things change, recognizes the psalmist; worse, all things are inherently unstable–including the earth itself, its mountains and seas, and the nations and peoples on the earth (vv. 1-7). Only God is a stable refuge, and that refrain serves as an Inclusio is a literary device in which a writer places similar material at the beginning and ending of a work or section of a work. For example, Mark's gospel contains an inclusio in which Jesus is recognized (at his baptism and crucifixion) as God's Son. surrounding this section of the psalm. It shows up also in the middle of the stanza, just as God “is in the midst of the city” (v. 5). Earthquakes and floods may inform the psalmist’s view here, but the trouble goes beyond those events. Particular disasters are signs of the eruption of chaos that threatens God’s Creation, in biblical terms, is the universe as we know or perceive it. Genesis says that in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. In the book of Revelation (which speaks of end times) the author declares that God created all things and... and puts everything in danger.
The careful structure of the stanza is itself a poetic hedge against chaos:
A God is our refuge and strength
B The earth changes
C God is in the midst of the city, which therefore shall not be moved
B’ The nations are in an uproar
A’ God is our refuge
The next stanza is a hymn to this strong and stable God. Most important, God makes wars cease, which, of course, will take care of the “uproar” of the nations in v. 6. The psalm looks forward to God’s stabilized world, which will be a world of peace; all weapons will be destroyed (see also the similar Prophecy is the gift, inspired by God, of speaking and interpreting the divine will. Prophets such as Amos, Isaiah, and Ezekiel spoke words of judgment and comfort to the people of Israel on behalf of God. about Zion in Isaiah, son of Amoz, who prophesied in Jerusalem, is included among the prophets of the eighth century B.C.E. (along with Amos, Hosea, and Micah)--preachers who boldly proclaimed God's word of judgment against the economic, social, and religious disorders of their time. 2:1-4). The worshiping community then hears a word direct from God (announced probably by a A priest is a person who has the authority to perform religious rites. In New Testament times priests were responsible for daily offerings and sacrifices in the temple.), assuring them that God’s strength and God’s promise is for them. The control of chaos is beyond human ability, so the counsel is simply, “Be still, and know that I am God!” The song ends by returning to the theme and refrain: “The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of The son of Isaac and Rebekah, renamed Israel, became the father of the twelve tribal families is our refuge.”
Like all promises, this one, too, could be misunderstood, as though Zion were invulnerable because God’s presence could be taken for granted. Eventually, the prophets had to denounce such thinking, especially Prophet who condemned Judah's infidelity to God, warned of Babylonian conquest, and promised a new covenant with his insistence that people could not simply chant the mantra “The The Jerusalem temple, unlike the tabernacle, was a permanent structure, although (like the tabernacle) it was a place of worship and religious activity. On one occasion Jesus felt such activity was unacceptable and, as reported in all four Gospels, drove from the temple those engaged... of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord” and think nothing bad could happen to them (Jeremiah 7:4). No aspect of biblical religion can ever be used as a talisman or good-luck charm. God’s presence and God’s security is found among those who Repentance is a central biblical teaching. All people are sinful and God desires that all people repent of their sins. The Hebrew word for repent means to "turn away" from sin. The Greek word for repentance means to "change on'e mind," more specifically, it means..., change their ways, and do justice (Jeremiah 7:5-7).