This list, virtually identical with EzraScribe who helped establish Jewish practices in Jerusalem after the exile. More 2:1-70, consists of those exiles who returned from Babylon with ZerubbabelThe governor of Judah who helped rebuild the Temple after the exile More.
We have seen that most of the lists in Ezra-Nehemiah have been constructed from other lists and serve the practical purpose of providing a running commentary on the status of the community in relation to the developing situation of reform. This list was used in Ezra 2 as a legitimating list that vouched for the authenticity of the returning exiles. Here, in its original setting, it is used as a census list that provides the demographic data needed for the relocation of the population, a tithing of the people, to live in Jerusalem that will take place in chapters 11 and 12. This list in Ezra 2 had emphasized the community’s continuity with the past. Here, that continuity is extended to the holyHoly is a term that originally meant set apart for the worship or service of God. While the term may refer to people, objects, time, or places, holiness in Judaism and Christianity primarily denotes the realm of the divine More city of Jerusalem as well, as the city is inhabited by those who had experienced God’s redemption in the return from Babylon.