Micah ends on a hopeful note, promising forgiveness and affirming God’s faithfulness to covenants made with Israel’s ancestors.
Most scholars identify Micah 7:7-20 as a closing liturgy because it looks like there are responses back and forth. It is almost surely to be dated to a time much later than Micah. It probably was used by the community to put a proper ending to a reading of the book. There are many harsh words in Micah. His dire predictions did not come in his time but certainly occurred in the exile and later.
The book of Micah could be read and used for at least two main reasons. It showed that God had not acted arbitrarily by allowing the destruction of JudahJudah was the name of Jacob's fourth son and one of the 12 tribes. More, templeThe Jerusalem temple, unlike the tabernacle, was a permanent structure, although (like the tabernacle) it was a place of worship and religious activity. On one occasion Jesus felt such activity was unacceptable and, as reported in all four Gospels, drove from the temple those engaged... More, and monarchy. There were good reasons for this. Sin has consequences. God had even sent prophets to warn them, but they would not listen. Besides helping to make sense out of God’s role in their terrible tragedy, a book like Micah could provide a warning not to let such things happen again.
The last three verses of the book are a lovely description of a forgiving God. Though Israel may have deserved to be punished, God’s primary intention is to forgive. Though God may at times be angry, the anger will not last. Any doubts about God’s rejection of the ancient covenants are put to rest. The bad times are over. God’s faithfulness remains. Throughout the book of Micah there are movements back and forth between condemnation and hope. At the end of the book, it is clear that hope has the last word.