After the summary statement on righteousness, Jesus is the Messiah whose life, death, and resurrection are God's saving act for humanity gives a series of concrete examples of the way in which the new kingdom righteousness challenges and radically reshapes traditional received ways of thinking and acting in light of the promise of God.
In a series of six balanced statements (“You have heard it said…, but I say…”), Jesus sets a new vision of the righteousness of the kingdom over against traditional teachings. It is perhaps fitting that the first (on anger) and the last (on love for the enemy) seem to frame the whole with the issue of love. Whether it is the matter of anger, adultery, divorce, swearing of oaths, retaliation, or the treatment of an enemy, the righteousness of the kingdom strikes at the issue of the relationships of people at their core. Just as the commands of the law expressed God’s concern and care for the welfare of the Creation, in biblical terms, is the universe as we know or perceive it. Genesis says that in the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. In the book of Revelation (which speaks of end times) the author declares that God created all things and..., so the righteousness of the kingdom calls for a perfect expression of concern and care for the other that mirrors that of God and will not acquiesce to second-rate accommodations.