Jeremiah 33:14-26 – Unconditional Promises



God speaks of the divine promises in unconditional terms.


The upshot of these oracles of promise is that God honors the covenants made with Israel’s royal and priestly leadership, as promised long before (see 1 Samuel 7:14-16; Numbers 25:10-13). God will honor them forever (Jeremiah 33:14-16 is essentially repeated from 23:5-6). God understands the divine self to be bound to these covenants and so, given the divine faithfulness, God cannot back away from these commitments.

These promises are grounded in the covenant with Noah (Genesis 8:21-22; 9:8-17), as was the new covenant (Jeremiah 31:35-37). No one could break that covenant, and hence, it is impossible that God could break the covenants with David and the Levites (or house of Aaron). The increase of their offspring is as certain as the impossibility of counting the sand and the stars.

In the face of those who would claim that Israel’s election has been forfeited (33:24), the promises are even more sharply articulated, going way back to the promises to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (33:25-26). The offspring of Israel from every future generation can count on these promises come what may. The future of this people will be marked by an ongoing experience of the mercy of God.