Israel is summoned to depart from Babylon and embark on a new exodus journey of liberation.
The return from Babylon is certain, and now the call comes to depart. Again, the exodus theme is obvious. This new exodus is like and unlike the old. This time there is no need for haste, for there is no Egyptian army in pursuit (contrary to Exodus 12:33-39). The Lord walks both in front and behind, protecting the people as in the first exodus (Exodus 14:19-20). As in days of old, Israel is called to purify itself for the journey (Genesis 35:2); the absence of things In Hebrew law many regulations warned against impurity. Unclean things were numerous and included leprosy, menstruating women, dead bodies, shell fish, and pigs. More reflects the highway described in Isaiah, son of Amoz, who prophesied in Jerusalem, is included among the prophets of the eighth century B.C.E. (along with Amos, Hosea, and Micah)--preachers who boldly proclaimed God's word of judgment against the economic, social, and religious disorders of their time. More 35:8. The concern for purity and cleanness makes clear that this is a liturgical procession, a sacred journey, not merely a geographical one.