Israel’s sin led to God’s punishment at Babylon’s hands, but Babylon went farther than God intended.
This little verse spells out a profound teaching of Isaiah, son of Amoz, who prophesied in Jerusalem, is included among the prophets of the eighth century B.C.E. (along with Amos, Hosea, and Micah)--preachers who boldly proclaimed God's word of judgment against the economic, social, and religious disorders of their time.. The Lord alone is God, but other agents have real choices in this world. Israel’s rebellion led to God’s punishment: Israel was taken into captivity by Babylon. The prophets make clear that, in this, Babylon served as God’s instrument (Isaiah 43:27-28; Prophet who condemned Judah's infidelity to God, warned of Babylonian conquest, and promised a new covenant 20:4; etc.). But here we learn that Babylon is not thereby exonerated of its own responsibility. “I gave them into your hand, you showed them no mercy”–in other words, although Babylon served God’s purposes in stopping Israel’s rebellion, Babylon enjoyed its work altogether too much! To serve as God’s agent in history does not remove from the agent the responsibility to act morally and in moderation. God’s judgment is real, but the judge or the soldier or the parent or anyone who attempts to judge righteously must always also demonstrate God’s Mercy is a term used to describe leniency or compassion. God's mercy is frequently referred to or invoked in both the Old and New Testaments..