Despite Israel’s sin, God promises to create a new heart for this people and give them God’s own spirit.
The Lord is fully aware of Israel’s sin, yet will act because of the honor of God’s Holy is a term that originally meant set apart for the worship or service of God. While the term may refer to people, objects, time, or places, holiness in Judaism and Christianity primarily denotes the realm of the divine name. The exile seemed to imply that God was unable to save the people, thus defiling God’s name (36:20). So God promises to gather the people from the nations. God will remove their heart of stone and give them a new heart and God’s own spirit. See also A prophet during the Babylonian exile who saw visions of God's throne-chariot, new life to dry bones, and a new Temple. 11:14-20.