Esther 9:18-32 – Purim Established


Esther 9:18-32


After defeating their enemies, the Jews of the Persian Empire rejoice and celebrate. The festival of Purim is therefore established and enjoined on all the Jews and their descendants by order of Mordecai and Queen Esther.


The theme of reversals which permeates the whole story of Esther comes to a head with the creation of the festival of Purim. The two days of Purim are established as “the days on which the Jews gained relief from their enemies, and as the month that had been turned for them from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a holiday” (9:22). Purim (named after the lot, or ‘Pur,’ which Haman cast – 3:7; 9:24) is a holiday of hilarity and celebration, “feasting and gladness” (9:22), and it continues to be celebrated today. Jews around the world commemorate on Purim the continued survival of their people, the courage of Esther and Mordecai and countless others like them through the centuries, and the often-hidden divine providence that makes such Jewish survival possible.