James the brother of Jesus

Leader of the Jerusalem church who saw the Gentile mission as fulfillment of a promise God made through Amos

The man named James who is known as the “brother” of Jesus (Galatians 1:19) is not listed among the disciples prior to Easter, but he was apparently the James to whom the risen Jesus appeared (1 Corinthians 15:7) and who eventually emerged as a leader of the Jerusalem congregation. As a “pillar” of the church, he supported Paul’s mission to Gentiles (Galatians 2:9) and promoted the acceptance of Gentile Christians as members of the church without requiring males among them to be circumcised. He saw the Gentile mission as a fulfillment of a promise that God made through the Prophet Amos (Acts 15:13-21). He is not the same figure as James the son of Zebedee.

James the Just, 16th century Russian icon